The export of services has already gained great
international significance in recent years and
thus the volume of its commerce-orientated exchange,
indicating a 3.6% growth rate, presently amounts
to 1/4 of the world's total volume of trade. Promotion
of the export of services provides the interested
countries, possessing all the required infrastructure,
with ample opportunities to compensate for possible
reduction of their exported goods and stabilises
their currency revenues basically through exportation
of technical/engineering (TE) services.
According to latest research,
conducted by the GATT's secretariat, over 60%
of foreign currency revenues of countries such
as Egypt, Dominican Republic and Gambia was generated
by the export of services while other nations
namely, Japan, China, Turkey, Thailand, Morocco,
Tunisia, Singapore, Mexico and Korea have also
displayed a resounding success in this regard.
It is worth noticing, at this
juncture, that the exportation of services is
not merely limited to TE cooperations. Other varieties
such as tourism, consultative, transportation,
communication, advertising and banking services
have already assumed their specific and decisive
positions. Nowadays, in addition to necessary
workforce and availability of inexpensive raw
materials, the export of engineering services
certainly requires particular specialisations,
state-of-the-art technology, meeting all the international
standards and above all elimination of the unnecessary
and entangling regulations.
to organise the export of TE service
The country's Second Five-Year Socio-economic
Programme properly focuses upon the necessity
for the export of engineering services. In compliance
with the attainment of this essential goal and
under "the provision of Section 27"
of the relevant legislation, a joint meeting of
several ministries' delegates was held in 1994
and thus a pertinent draft for the formation of
"the Coordinating Council of The Export of
Engineering Services," was promptly approved,
under direct supervision of the former Iranian
president Mr. Rafsanjani.
Eversince its inception this
council has been making unceasing efforts to gain
its principal objectives. More importantly, as
a unique organ of the finance ministry the council
is currently in charge of coordinating, policy-making
and overcoming the existing administrative obstacles
relating to the exportation of services. The mentioned
council, through establishing numerous specialised
committees, also intends to take the following
• Determining the eligibility
of the applicant companies and finding out their
proper ranks as an exporter of services.
• Resolving the problems of issuing the permit
for necessary machinery and equipment.
• Determining the amount of refundable currency
of each contract.
• Making applicable policies and regulations pertaining
to possible "breach of a contract" or
its inclusive terms and conditions.
• Determining the amounts of "currency charges"
related to marketing activities by the given companies.
• providing necessary insurance coverage for all
the activities abroad.
• Granting customs-orientated aids to exporters
of TE services.
• Gathering and disseminating information regarding
laws and regulations which can inturn assist exporters
of engineering services, in maintaining successful
presence at "international tenders."