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The Glory of Reconstruction

Petrochemical plants

The petrochemical industry, for the time being, claims an exceptional and particular stature in the country. Petrochemical plants in numerous provinces and cities such as Khorasan, Isfahan, Tabriz, Bandare Imam and Arak have been established and are now fully operational due to unceasing efforts of highly competent Iranian experts. Further more, the capacity of petrochemical productions which amounted to less than only 2 million tons before the Islamic Revolution remarkably increased to over 10 million tons in 1995.

As the most gigantic petrochemical scheme of the Second Five-year Programme, the preliminary construction stages of "the Khark Methanol Project" were materialised in 1995 and its production lines would be operational within the next three years -- with daily production capacity of 2,000 tons of methanol generating an expected annual currency revenue of US$ 130 million. It is also forecasted that total capacity of petrochemical productions would increase to 16 million tons by the year 2000 and thus raises Iran's present 8.5 % share of petrochemical productions to that of 16.8 %, amongst all the Middle East

Universities and the higher institutes of learning

The number of state universities and colleges, benefiting from a 2.2% average growth, have increased from 244 centers in 1979 to that of 346 in 1994 academic year. Consequently, after the victory of the Islamic Revolution, one such institute has been established every two months. Some of the significant statistics are as follows:


Augmentation rate of total number of students =12%


Total number of university students until the end of 1994 academic year =1072442 students.


Total number of graduate and post-graduate students with a 10.5 % annual average growth = 88323 students for the 1994 academic year.


Total number of college graduates in 1994 academic year=153086 graduates


The median of active researchers, per one million population, has also increased from 48 to 82 researchers during post-revolution years.



Soon after the end of the eight-year Imposed War and the eve of commencement of the second decade of revolution the necessity for the rapid socio-economic reconstruction and the enhancement of the national welfare became more evident than ever before. The country's First Five-year Socio-economic and Cultural Programme, designated for the 1989-1993 fiscal year, was fully implemented after proper ratification. As the fundamental insight and the ultimate goal of development, "the economic median" distinguished the significance of this particular era.

Relying upon the valuable guidelines and based on final approval of the prominent Leader of the Islamic Revolution, Grand Ayatollah Khamenei," the Second Five-year Programme consisted of principal objectives such as : expansion of social justice, increase of domestic products, development of non-oil exports, promotion of the social institutions, observance of the priority of investments, expansion of people's participations in reconstruction of the country as well as acquisition and implementation of satisfactory monetary policies and fruitful banking strategies.


Attempts on designing and construction of new cities certainly constitute one of the remarkable endevours of the post-revolution years. Currently twelve new cities such as Hashgerd, Andeesheh, Mohajern, Sadra, A-L-ishahr, Pardis, Parand, Baharestan, Majlesi and Sahand are under construction. Appropriately, the ultimate goals of constructing such cities are the attraction of excessive population of the large cities as well as the establishment of employment-orientated industries, in appropriate regions possessing necessary potentialities.

The total area of the developed lands in the stated cities presently amounts to 6800 ha. and it is also predicted that these cities would accommodate 150,000 to 200,000 households by the end of the Second Five-Year Programme. The tabulated results of 1986 national census demonstrate a more suitable housing condition vis-a-vis that of pre-revolution period. During post-revolution years 600 nation-wide housing projects, with a total area of 56,000 ha., would also accommodate an entire population of 6-12 million people.